Patented Hydro-to-Cathode® direct precursor synthesis
process increases material performance and value

Black Mass

Our patented Hydro-to-Cathode® direct precursor synthesis process simplifies recycling and transforms old batteries into sustainable battery materials that rival or surpass the performance of new. 

Reclaiming high-value advanced battery materials—efficiently

Our advantage starts with a remarkable innovation: Other processes leach metals out of spent battery materials, but our patented Hydro-to-Cathode direct precursor synthesis process leaches out impurities, keeping the valuable metals in solution and eliminating multiple steps in the recycling flow.

Elevating the value and sustainability of lithium-ion battery elements

Traditional lithium-ion recycling processes involve many steps that use a lot of energy. Also, they focus on reclaiming intermediate compounds to sell to commodities markets. Our Hydro-to-Cathode direct precursor synthesis process is more efficient and more sustainable while it returns higher-level materials to the supply chain. Using a life cycle assessment methodology from Argonne National Labs, our process demonstrated significant reductions in all environmental impact categories, when compared with traditional methods.

Jar, BM, plant
A typcial unpaved road in a rural part of Western Tanzania, close to the border to Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Making sustainability pay off: Higher economic return encourages more EV battery recycling

By delivering engineered materials at lower cost, our Hydro-to-Cathode direct precursor synthesis process greatly improves the cost-effectiveness of battery recycling. Improved economics is the best way to boost battery recycling as the EV market grows, which will reduce the pressure to mine and process raw materials for critical battery applications. In this way, our closed-loop approach is a more direct path toward sustainable stewardship of our natural resources and supply chains, helping society to pursue carbon-neutral goals.

Cathode is the most expensive and carbon-intense material in batteries. Our approach results in:
lower costs
lower carbon emissions

Introducing Hydro-to-Anode® graphite purification

Learn more about our sustainable battery materials and high-value recycling services, including Hydro-to-Cathode® direct precursor synthesis and Hydro-to-Anode® graphite recovery and purification.

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